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Pediatrics. 2016 Jul;138(1). pii: e20154538. doi: 10.1542/peds.2015-4538. Epub 2016 Jun 7.

Bottle Size and Weight Gain in Formula-Fed Infants.

Author information

1
Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research, Chapel Hill, North Carolina; Division of General Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina; charles_wood@med.unc.edu.
2
Duke Clinical Research Institute and Department of Medicine, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina;
3
Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine/Bellevue Hospital Center, New York University, New York, New York;
4
Center for Health Services Research, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee;
5
Department of Pediatrics, Center for Policy, Outcomes and Prevention, Stanford University, Stanford, California; and.
6
Department of Pediatrics, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida.
7
Division of General Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina;

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Formula-fed infants may be at greater risk for overfeeding and rapid weight gain. Different size bottles are used for feeding infants, although little is known about whether bottle size is related to weight gain in bottle-fed infants.

METHODS:

Data from the Greenlight Intervention Study, a cluster randomized trial to prevent childhood obesity at 4 pediatric resident clinics, were used to analyze the exposure to regular (<6 oz) or large (≥6 oz) bottle size at the 2-month visit on changes in weight, weight-for-age z score (WAZ), and weight-for-length z score (WLZ) at the 6-month visit. Using multivariable regression, we adjusted for potential confounders (birth weight, gender, age, weight measures at 2 months, parent race/ethnicity, education, household income and size, time between 2- and 6-month visits, and first child status).

RESULTS:

Forty-five percent (n = 386; 41% black, 35% Hispanic, 23% white, 2% other) of infants at the 2-month visit were exclusively formula-fed, and 44% used large (≥6 oz) bottles. Infants whose parents fed with large bottles had 0.21 kg (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.05 to 0.37) more weight change, 0.24 U (95% CI: 0.07 to 0.41) more change in WAZ, and 0.31 U (95% CI: 0.08 to 0.54) more change in WLZ during this period than infants fed with regular bottles.

CONCLUSIONS:

Using a large bottle in early infancy independently contributed to greater weight gain and change in WLZ at the 6-month visit. Although growth in infancy is complex, bottle size may be a modifiable risk factor for rapid infant weight gain and later obesity among exclusively formula-fed infants.

PMID:
27273748
PMCID:
PMC4925078
DOI:
10.1542/peds.2015-4538
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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