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Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2016 Jun 7;23(6):494-502. doi: 10.1038/nsmb.3214.

Structural mechanisms of activation and desensitization in neurotransmitter-gated ion channels.

Author information

1
Leibniz-Institut für Molekulare Pharmakologie (FMP), Berlin, Germany.
2
NeuroCure, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Abstract

Ion channels gated by neurotransmitters are present across metazoans, in which they are essential for brain function, sensation and locomotion; closely related homologs are also found in bacteria. Structures of eukaryotic pentameric cysteine-loop (Cys-loop) receptors and tetrameric ionotropic glutamate receptors in multiple functional states have recently become available. Here, I describe how these studies relate to established ideas regarding receptor activation and how they have enabled decades' worth of functional work to be pieced together, thus allowing previously puzzling aspects of receptor activity to be understood.

PMID:
27273633
DOI:
10.1038/nsmb.3214
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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