Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Pediatr Obes. 2017 Dec;12(6):431-438. doi: 10.1111/ijpo.12161. Epub 2016 Jun 8.

The concurrent and longitudinal associations of temperament and nutritional risk factors in early childhood.

Author information

1
Paediatric Outcomes Research Team (PORT), Division of Paediatric Medicine, Department of Paediatric, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario.
2
Department of Paediatric, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario.
3
Department of Paediatric, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario.
4
Institute for Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario.
5
The Applied Health Research Centre of the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Early childhood temperament is increasingly recognized as an important attribute that may impact screen time use, outdoor play and childhood obesity. The relationship between temperament and nutrition in preschool children is less clear.

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of the study is to investigate if temperament dimensions (negative affectivity, effortful control and surgency) in early childhood are associated with nutritional risk factors.

METHODS:

Six hundred seventy-eight children were followed (mean age at baseline visit 3.1 years; mean time to follow-up 16.5 months). Parents reported on child temperament and nutritional risk factors during regularly scheduled well-child clinic visits.

RESULTS:

A mixed effect model demonstrated a significant association between higher negative affectivity (1.03; 95% CI 0.69 to 1.37) and higher effortful control (-0.88; 95% CI -1.27 to -0.49) on concurrent nutritional risk, independent of covariates. Multivariate linear regression analysis identified that higher effortful control, and not negative affectivity, was significantly associated with a decrease in nutritional risk (-0.67; 95% CI -1.10 to -0.24) over time, independent of covariates. There was no relationship identified between surgency and nutritional risk.

CONCLUSION:

Three-year-old children with higher effortful control had reduced nutritional risk at 5 years of age. Future nutritional risk prevention strategies may benefit from interventions to increase effortful control in early childhood.

KEYWORDS:

Early childhood; nutrition; temperament

PMID:
27273610
DOI:
10.1111/ijpo.12161
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center