Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Vet Diagn Invest. 2016 Jul;28(4):440-4. doi: 10.1177/1040638716649640. Epub 2016 Jun 6.

Aneurysm of the cranial mesenteric artery as a site of carriage of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Abortusequi in the horse.

Author information

1
The Enzootic Research Center, Equine Research Institute, Japan Racing Association, Tochigi, Japan (Niwa, Kinoshita, Muranaka, Ochi, Ueno, Oku, Hariu, Katayama)Department of Domestic Animal Internal Medicine, Clinical Veterinary Science, Veterinary Medicine, Joint Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kagoshima University, Japan (Hobo) niwa@equinst.go.jp.
2
The Enzootic Research Center, Equine Research Institute, Japan Racing Association, Tochigi, Japan (Niwa, Kinoshita, Muranaka, Ochi, Ueno, Oku, Hariu, Katayama)Department of Domestic Animal Internal Medicine, Clinical Veterinary Science, Veterinary Medicine, Joint Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kagoshima University, Japan (Hobo).

Abstract

Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Abortusequi is a pathogen restricted to horses. Our investigation targeted 4 draft horses (9-10 months old) kept on a Japanese farm that had suffered an outbreak of S. Abortusequi abortion. The 4 horses were suspected to be carriers of the bacterium owing to their high agglutination titers (≥1:2,560) in tube agglutination testing. The owners' on-farm observations confirmed that the horses had no apparent abnormalities, and S. Abortusequi was not isolated from their blood, rectal swabs, or sternal bone marrow fluid at antemortem investigation. However, at autopsy, all horses displayed the following: suppurative aneurysm of the cranial mesenteric artery with heavy infection with Strongylus vulgaris larvae; heavy intestinal parasitic infection with Gasterophilus intestinalis, Parascaris equorum, Anoplocephala perfoliata, and S. vulgaris; and enlargement of the systemic lymph nodes. In each case, large numbers of S. Abortusequi were isolated from the anterior mesenteric artery thrombus. The thrombus isolates harbored a single virulence plasmid, and the pulsed-field gel electrophoresis profiles of the isolates were identical not only to each other but also to those of Japanese enzootic strains of S. Abortusequi. These results reveal that parasitic aneurysms of the cranial mesenteric artery should be considered an important possible site of carriage of S. Abortusequi in horses. The results also suggest high clonality of the isolated serovar in the horse population in Japan.

KEYWORDS:

Carrier; Salmonella Abortusequi; horses; parasitic aneurysm

PMID:
27271985
DOI:
10.1177/1040638716649640
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center