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PLoS One. 2016 Jun 7;11(6):e0156986. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0156986. eCollection 2016.

An Algorithm to Identify Target-Selective Ligands - A Case Study of 5-HT7/5-HT1A Receptor Selectivity.

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Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Institute of Pharmacology Polish Academy of Sciences, 12 Smętna Street, 31-343, Kraków, Poland.
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 9 Medyczna Street, 30-688, Kraków, Poland.


A computational procedure to search for selective ligands for structurally related protein targets was developed and verified for serotonergic 5-HT7/5-HT1A receptor ligands. Starting from a set of compounds with annotated activity at both targets (grouped into four classes according to their activity: selective toward each target, not-selective and not-selective but active) and with an additional set of decoys (prepared using DUD methodology), the SVM (Support Vector Machines) models were constructed using a selective subset as positive examples and four remaining classes as negative training examples. Based on these four component models, the consensus classifier was then constructed using a data fusion approach. The combination of two approaches of data representation (molecular fingerprints vs. structural interaction fingerprints), different training set sizes and selection of the best SVM component models for consensus model generation, were evaluated to determine the optimal settings for the developed algorithm. The results showed that consensus models with molecular fingerprints, a larger training set and the selection of component models based on MCC maximization provided the best predictive performance.

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