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PLoS Med. 2016 Jun 7;13(6):e1002036. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002036. eCollection 2016 Jun.

Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology-Nutritional Epidemiology (STROBE-nut): An Extension of the STROBE Statement.

Author information

1
Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
2
Unit of Nutrition and Child Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium.
3
National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, the Netherlands.
4
Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
5
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
6
Department of Food and Nutrition, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
7
Department of Clinical Sciences Malmö, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
8
Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
9
International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France.
10
Department of Biosciences and Food Sciences, University College Ghent, Ghent, Belgium.
11
Nutritional Epidemiology Group, School of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom.
12
Department of Clinical Research, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
13
Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Concerns have been raised about the quality of reporting in nutritional epidemiology. Research reporting guidelines such as the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement can improve quality of reporting in observational studies. Herein, we propose recommendations for reporting nutritional epidemiology and dietary assessment research by extending the STROBE statement into Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology-Nutritional Epidemiology (STROBE-nut).

METHODS AND FINDINGS:

Recommendations for the reporting of nutritional epidemiology and dietary assessment research were developed following a systematic and consultative process, coordinated by a multidisciplinary group of 21 experts. Consensus on reporting guidelines was reached through a three-round Delphi consultation process with 53 external experts. In total, 24 recommendations for nutritional epidemiology were added to the STROBE checklist.

CONCLUSION:

When used appropriately, reporting guidelines for nutritional epidemiology can contribute to improve reporting of observational studies with a focus on diet and health.

PMID:
27270749
PMCID:
PMC4896435
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pmed.1002036
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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