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Blood. 2016 Aug 11;128(6):805-15. doi: 10.1182/blood-2016-01-694117. Epub 2016 Jun 6.

Dimethyl fumarate restores apoptosis sensitivity and inhibits tumor growth and metastasis in CTCL by targeting NF-κB.

Author information

1
Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergy, University Medical Center Mannheim, Ruprecht-Karls University of Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany; Division of Immunogenetics, and.
2
Core Facility Tumor Models, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany;
3
Division of Immunogenetics, and.
4
Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergy, and Institute of Pathology, University Medical Center Charité, Berlin, Germany; and.
5
Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergy, University Medical Center Mannheim, Ruprecht-Karls University of Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany;
6
Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergy, and Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergy, HELIOS Klinikum, Krefeld, Germany.

Abstract

Despite intensive efforts in recent years, a curative therapy for cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) has not yet been developed. Therefore, the establishment of new therapeutic approaches with higher efficacy rates and milder side effects is strongly desired. A characteristic feature of the malignant T-cell population in CTCL is resistance toward cell death resulting from constitutive NF-κB activation. Therefore, NF-κB-dependent cell death resistance represents an interesting therapeutic target in CTCL because an NF-κB-directed therapy would leave bystander T cells widely unaffected. We investigated the effects of dimethyl fumarate (DMF) on CTCL cells in vitro and in vivo. DMF induced cell death in primary patient-derived CD4(+) cells and CTCL cell lines, but hardly in T cells from healthy donors. DMF-induced cell death was linked specifically to NF-κB inhibition. To study the impact of DMF in vivo, we developed 2 CTCL xenograft mouse models with different cutaneous localizations of the T-cell infiltrate. DMF treatment delayed the growth of CTCL tumors and prevented formation of distant metastases. In addition, DMF induced increased cell death in primary CTCL tumors and in liver metastases. In summary, DMF treatment represents a remarkable therapeutic option in CTCL because it restores CTCL apoptosis in vitro and in preclinical models in vivo and prevents spreading of the disease to distant sites. DMF treatment is of particular promise in CTCL because DMF is already in successful clinical use in the treatment of psoriasis and multiple sclerosis allowing fast translation into clinical studies in CTCL.

PMID:
27268084
PMCID:
PMC5026464
DOI:
10.1182/blood-2016-01-694117
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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