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Contemp Clin Trials. 2016 Jul;49:78-84. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2016.05.006. Epub 2016 Jun 4.

A randomized clinical trial aimed at preventing poor psychosocial and glycemic outcomes in teens with type 1 diabetes (T1D).

Author information

1
Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL, United States. Electronic address: jwbenchell@luriechildrens.org.
2
Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, United States.
3
Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, United States.
4
Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL, United States.

Abstract

Adolescents with type 1 diabetes have an increased risk for a variety of emotional and behavioral challenges as well as negative diabetes outcomes. This study was designed to compare the effectiveness of a depression-prevention, resilience promotion program with an advanced diabetes education program. Each program consisted of 9 group-based sessions. There were 264 adolescents enrolled in this multi-site randomized clinical trial. The primary outcomes were depressive symptoms and glycemic control; secondary outcomes included resilience skills, diabetes management and adherence, and diabetes-specific distress. The goal of the present paper is to describe the study design, the intervention, and the baseline characteristics of the sample. Preliminary data suggests that enrollment, randomization and retention were successful. Longitudinal follow-up and examination of mechanisms of action as they relate to psychosocial and glycemic outcomes will be explored in the future.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescents; Depression; Diabetes; Methods; Prevention; Resilience

PMID:
27267154
PMCID:
PMC4969210
DOI:
10.1016/j.cct.2016.05.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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