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J Struct Biol. 2016 Oct;196(1):3-14. doi: 10.1016/j.jsb.2016.05.010. Epub 2016 Jun 2.

Membrane remodelling in bacteria.

Author information

1
Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College, London SW7 2AZ, UK.
2
Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College, London SW7 2AZ, UK. Electronic address: h.low@imperial.ac.uk.

Abstract

In bacteria the ability to remodel membrane underpins basic cell processes such as growth, and more sophisticated adaptations like inter-cell crosstalk, organelle specialisation, and pathogenesis. Here, selected examples of membrane remodelling in bacteria are presented and the diverse mechanisms for inducing membrane fission, fusion, and curvature discussed. Compared to eukaryotes, relatively few curvature-inducing proteins have been characterised so far. Whilst it is likely that many such proteins remain to be discovered, it also reflects the importance of alternative membrane remodelling strategies in bacteria where passive mechanisms for generating curvature are utilised.

KEYWORDS:

Bacteria; Curvature-inducing protein; Membrane; Remodelling; Vesicle

PMID:
27265614
PMCID:
PMC6168058
DOI:
10.1016/j.jsb.2016.05.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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