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J Immigr Minor Health. 2017 Dec;19(6):1351-1361. doi: 10.1007/s10903-016-0441-z.

Factors Affecting Dental Attendance of Children of New Immigrant Parents: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Author information

1
School of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, 5-513 Edmonton Clinic Health Academy, 11405 - 87 Ave NW, Edmonton, AB, T6G 1C9, Canada. maryam.amin@ualberta.ca.
2
School of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, 5-513 Edmonton Clinic Health Academy, 11405 - 87 Ave NW, Edmonton, AB, T6G 1C9, Canada.

Abstract

To explore factors affecting children's dental attendance among new immigrants. Participants in this cross-sectional study were 314 new immigrant child-parent pairs. Parents' demographics, oral health knowledge, perceptions, child's caries status, and oral health behaviours were analysed as determinants for dental attendance. Only 43 % of children had a dental visit within the year. Parents believing in the effectiveness of parental checking were four times more likely to seek dental care for their child [adjusted OR (adOR) 4.48, 95 % CI 1.79-11.13]. Parents perceiving dental check-up as a painful experience were 67 % less likely to visit the dentist (adOR 0.33, 95 % CI 0.17-0.63). Lack of insurance and time reduced the odds of a dental visit by 65 and 59 %, respectively (adOR 0.35, 95 % CI 0.16-0.68; adOR 0.41, 95 % CI 0.12-0.99). The care-seeking behaviour of new immigrant children was determined by parents' perceived ability to detect caries, availability of time and dental insurance, and their perceived dental experience.

KEYWORDS:

Dental care utilization; Health services accessibility; Healthcare disparities; Immigrants; Oral health perceptions

PMID:
27262563
DOI:
10.1007/s10903-016-0441-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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