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J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2016 Aug;25(8):1312-22. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2016.01.036. Epub 2016 Jun 1.

Does application of moderately concentrated platelet-rich plasma improve clinical and structural outcome after arthroscopic repair of medium-sized to large rotator cuff tear? A randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedics, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka, India. Electronic address: vivekortho@gmail.com.
2
Department of Orthopaedics, North DMC Medical College, New Delhi, India.
3
Department of Orthopaedics, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka, India.
4
Department of Radio Diagnosis, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka, India.
5
Shoulder Unit, Lairesse Kliniek, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has the potential to improve tendon-bone healing. The evidence is still controversial as to whether PRP application after repair of medium-sized to large cuff tears leads to superior structural and clinical outcome, especially after single-row repair.

METHODS:

In a randomized study, 102 patients (PRP group, 52 patients; control group, 50 patients) with medium-sized and large degenerative posterosuperior tears were included for arthroscopic repair with a minimum follow-up of 2 years. Patients were evaluated with clinical scores (visual analog scale score, Constant-Murley score, University of California-Los Angeles score, and American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons score) and ultrasound to assess retear and vascularity pattern of the cuff.

RESULTS:

Visual analog scale scores were significantly lower in the PRP group than in controls at 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months but not later. Constant-Murley scores were significantly better in the PRP group compared with controls at 12 and 24 months, whereas University of California-Los Angeles scores were significantly higher in the PRP group at 6 and 12 months (P < .05). The American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons score in both groups was comparable at all the times. At 24 months, retear in the PRP group (n = 2; 3.8%) was significantly lower than in the control group (n = 10; 20%; P = .01). The retear difference was significant only for large tears (PRP:control group, 1:6; P = .03). Doppler ultrasound examination showed significant vascularity in the PRP group repair site at 3 months postoperatively (P < .05) and in peribursal tissue until 12 months.

CONCLUSION:

Application of moderately concentrated PRP improves clinical and structural outcome in large cuff tears. PRP also enhances vascularity around the repair site in the early phase.

KEYWORDS:

Rotator cuff; degenerative; healing; platelet-rich plasma; repair; tear; vascularity

PMID:
27262412
DOI:
10.1016/j.jse.2016.01.036
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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