Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Biochimie. 2016 Nov;130:109-114. doi: 10.1016/j.biochi.2016.05.016. Epub 2016 Jun 1.

From tamoxifen to dendrogenin A: The discovery of a mammalian tumor suppressor and cholesterol metabolite.

Author information

1
Cholesterol Metabolism and Therapeutic Innovations, Cancer Research Center of Toulouse, INSERM UMR 1037, Toulouse, France; Cholesterol Metabolism and Therapeutic Innovations, Cancer Research Center of Toulouse, University of Toulouse, Toulouse, France. Electronic address: sandrine.poirot@inserm.fr.
2
Affichem, Toulouse, France.
3
Cholesterol Metabolism and Therapeutic Innovations, Cancer Research Center of Toulouse, INSERM UMR 1037, Toulouse, France; Cholesterol Metabolism and Therapeutic Innovations, Cancer Research Center of Toulouse, University of Toulouse, Toulouse, France.
4
Cholesterol Metabolism and Therapeutic Innovations, Cancer Research Center of Toulouse, INSERM UMR 1037, Toulouse, France; Cholesterol Metabolism and Therapeutic Innovations, Cancer Research Center of Toulouse, University of Toulouse, Toulouse, France. Electronic address: marc.poirot@inserm.fr.

Abstract

Tamoxifen (Tam) was developed as a ligand and modulator of estrogen receptor α (ERα) and is one of the main drugs used globally for the hormonotherapy of breast cancers. Besides ERα, Tam also binds with high affinity to the microsomal antiestrogen binding site (AEBS). The AEBS is a hetero-oligomeric proteinaceous complex with cholesterol-5,6-epoxide hydrolase (ChEH) activity that is associated with an intracellular histamine (HA) binding site. The enzymatic activities of the ChEH subunits control developmental programs in mammals and transform cholesterol-5,6-epoxides (5,6-EC) into cholestane-3β,5α,6β-triol. Inhibition of the ChEH activity by pharmacological agents such as Tam induce cancer cell re-differentiation through the accumulation of 5,6-EC. A few years ago, the putative chemical reactivity of the 5,6-EC epoxide group towards nucleophiles led our group to hypothesize that 5,6-EC could react with HA that was co-localized at the AEBS to give a new molecule involved in cell differentiation. This hypothesis was chemically tested and the conjugation of 5,6α-EC: with HA was found possible but only under catalytic conditions. It gave a stereo-selective single product of transformation which was named dendrogenin A (DDA). DDA was found to display potent cancer cell differentiation and anticancer properties in vitro and in vivo, suggesting that it was a tumor suppressor metabolite. The presence of DDA was then established in several mammalian tissues, providing the first evidence of a steroidal alkaloid metabolite in mammals. The discovery of DDA highlights a new metabolic pathway in mammals which lies at the crossroads of cholesterol and histamine metabolism and produces this tumor suppressor metabolite.

KEYWORDS:

AEBS; Cancer; Cholesterol; Cholesterol-5,6-epoxide hydrolase; Dendrogenin; Tamoxifen

PMID:
27262406
DOI:
10.1016/j.biochi.2016.05.016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center