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Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2016 Jun;9(6):577-81. doi: 10.1016/j.apjtm.2016.04.002. Epub 2016 Apr 16.

Study on prevention effect of Zishen Yutai pill combined with progesterone for threatened abortion in rats.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, 310006, China. Electronic address: 13588782069@163.com.
2
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, 310006, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe preventive and therapeutic effects and the mechanism of actions on Zishen Yutai pill combined with progesterone on threatened abortion in rats.

METHODS:

After pregnancy, 50 SPF female SD rats were selected and divided into control group, model group, progesterone group, Zishen Yutai pill group, and progesterone plus Zishen Yutai pill group (combination group), with 10 rats in each group. The rats of control group and abortion model group were lavaged with 2 mL/kg normal saline on pregnancy day 1 for continuous 10 days. Rats in Zishen Yutai pill group were given 1.575 g/kg/d of Zishen Yutai pill for intragastric administration for continuous 10 days. Rats in progesterone group were given intramuscular injection treatment of 0.1 mL/d progestin, continuous for 10 days. Rats in combination group were given injection therapy of aqueous solution of Zishen Yutai pill for continuous 10 days, and other treatments were the same as previous two groups. Abortion model were established then and live births, numbers of abortion and average rate of abortion were compared between the five groups. Peripheral blood was collected to detect the estradiol (E2) and progestational hormone (P), and obtain ratio of Th1/Th2 cytokines (IL-2, INF-γ, IL-4, IL-10).

RESULTS:

Significant more live births of rats were found in the control group compared with other four groups (P < 0.05) (P < 0.05). The numbers of live births of the rats in abortion model group were significantly less than that of progesterone group, Zishen Yutai pill group and joint group (P < 0.05). The numbers of live births of rats in joint group were significant more than that of progesterone group and Zishen Yutai pill group. The serum E2 level of P of rats in the control group, progesterone group, Zishen Yutai pill group and joint group were significant higher than that of abortion model group (P < 0.05). Serum levels of E2 and P of rats in the control group, progesterone group, Zishen Yutai pill group and joint group were not significant different (P > 0.05) but these levels in the control group and Zishen Yutai pill group were significant lower than that of progesterone group and joint group (P < 0.05). The maternal-fetal interface IL - 4/IL - 2, IL - 10/IL - 2 of model group were balanced deviating to Th1, while the IL-4/IL-2, IL-10/IL-2 of progesterone group, Zishen Yutai pill group and joint group were balanced deviating to Th2, and joint group' deviation was better than progesterone group and Zishen Yutai pill group (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Zishen Yutai pill combined with progesterone has a significant control effect for threatened abortion, which can obviously increase contents of maternal serums E2 and P, and regulate the Th1/Th2 balance with a remarkable effect.

KEYWORDS:

Aromatizing enzyme; Progesterone; SOCS3; Th1/Th2 balance; Threatened abortion; Zishen Yutai pill

PMID:
27262070
DOI:
10.1016/j.apjtm.2016.04.002
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