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Clin Rehabil. 2017 Jun;31(6):753-760. doi: 10.1177/0269215516651978. Epub 2016 Jun 3.

Results of a Pilates exercise program in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain: a randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
Physiotherapy Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada, Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the effects of a Pilates exercise program on disability, pain, lumbar mobility, flexibility and balance in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain.

DESIGN:

Randomized controlled trial.

SETTING:

University laboratory.

PARTICIPANTS:

A total of 54 patients with chronic non-specific low back pain.

INTERVENTION:

Patients were randomly allocated to an experimental group ( n=27) included in a Pilates exercise program or to a control group ( n=27) receiving information in a form of a leaflet.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Disability (Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire and Oswestry Disability Index), current, average and pain at it least and at its worst (Visual Analogue Scales), lumbar mobility (modified Shober test), flexibility (finger-to-floor test) and balance (single limb stance test) were measured at baseline and after the intervention.

RESULTS:

A between-group analysis showed significant differences in the intervention group compared to the control group for both disability scores, the Rolland-Morris questionnaire (mean change±standard deviation of 5.31±3.37 and 2.40±6.78 respectively and between-groups mean difference of 3.2 ± 4.12, p=0.003) and the Oswestry Disability Index ( p<0.001), current pain ( p=0.002) and pain at it least ( p=0.033), flexibility (0.032) and balance (0.043).

CONCLUSIONS:

An 8-week Pilates exercise program is effective in improving disability, pain, flexibility and balance in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain.

KEYWORDS:

Pilates; chronic pain; disability evaluation; exercise movement techniques; low back pain

PMID:
27260764
DOI:
10.1177/0269215516651978
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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