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AIDS Behav. 2017 Apr;21(4):1091-1104. doi: 10.1007/s10461-016-1445-3.

Trajectories of Marijuana Use among HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative MSM in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS), 1984-2013.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health and Health Professions, College of Medicine, University of Florida, 2004 Mowry Road, PO Box 100231, Gainesville, FL, 32610, USA. emekaokafor@phhp.ufl.edu.
2
Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health and Health Professions, College of Medicine, University of Florida, 2004 Mowry Road, PO Box 100231, Gainesville, FL, 32610, USA.
3
Social and Behavioral Interventions Program, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, 21209, USA.
4
Department of Psychiatry, Department of Neurology and Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
5
David Geffen School of Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
6
Department of Psychiatry, Rush University Medical Center, 1645 W Jackson Blvd, Chicago, IL, 60612, USA.
7
Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC, 20007, USA.

Abstract

To construct longitudinal trajectories of marijuana use in a sample of men who have sex with men living with or at-risk for HIV infection. We determined factors associated with distinct trajectories of use as well as those that serve to modify the course of the trajectory. Data were from 3658 [1439 HIV-seropositive (HIV+) and 2219 HIV-seronegative (HIV-)] participants of the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study. Frequency of marijuana use was obtained semiannually over a 29-year period (1984-2013). Group-based trajectory models were used to identify the trajectories and to determine predictors and modifiers of the trajectories over time. Four distinct trajectories of marijuana use were identified: abstainer/infrequent (65 %), decreaser (13 %), increaser (12 %) and chronic high (10 %) use groups. HIV+ status was significantly associated with increased odds of membership in the decreaser, increaser and chronic high use groups. Alcohol, smoking, stimulant and other recreational drug use were associated with increasing marijuana use across all four trajectory groups. Antiretroviral therapy use over time was associated with decreasing marijuana use in the abstainer/infrequent and increaser trajectory groups. Having a detectable HIV viral load was associated with increasing marijuana use in the increaser group only. Future investigations are needed to determine whether long-term patterns of use are associated with adverse consequences especially among HIV+ persons.

KEYWORDS:

MSM; Marijuana use; Persons living with HIV; Trajectories

PMID:
27260179
PMCID:
PMC5136352
DOI:
10.1007/s10461-016-1445-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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