Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Curr Opin Organ Transplant. 2016 Aug;21(4):447-52. doi: 10.1097/MOT.0000000000000336.

Risk factors associated with the development of histocompatibility leukocyte antigen sensitization.

Author information

1
Comprehensive Transplant Center, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

Despite excellent short-term kidney allograft survival rates, long-term outcomes have not improved. For years, the focus on improving these outcomes revolved around minimization or elimination of calcineurin toxicity. Despite our best efforts, approximately 5000 allografts are lost each year in the United States and results in a significant emotional burden for patients and financial burden for the healthcare system.

RECENT FINDINGS:

Advancements in detection of donor-specific histocompatibility leukocyte antigen antibodies (DSAs) and improved assessment of allograft biopsy tissue have shown that the most common cause for graft failures is DSA-related antibody-mediated rejection. Sensitization is directly related to human tissue exposure prior to transplant. We now know that sensitization can occur in patients who are non compliant or poorly compliant with their calcineurin inhibitors. They develop de-novo DSAs, which are responsible for numerous allograft losses around the world.

SUMMARY:

Given the current evidence, it is imperative that all transplant physicians recognize the importance of encouraging medication adherence to prevent the consequences of DSA-induced graft failure. However, little progress has been made in this area. Other potential therapeutic approaches based on B-cell depletion or modulation early posttransplant may help to reduce the risk for de-novo DSA development.

PMID:
27258577
DOI:
10.1097/MOT.0000000000000336
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wolters Kluwer
Loading ...
Support Center