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Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 May;95(22):e3745. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000003745.

A Case Report: Large Trichobezoar Causing Rapunzel Syndrome.

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From the Department of Pediatrics (SCK, SJK) and Department of Internal Medicine (SHK), Chonbuk National University Medical School and Hospital, Research Institute of Clinical Medicine of Chonbuk National University - Biomedical research Institute of Chonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, Korea.


Rapunzel syndrome is very rare gastric foreign bodies that occur in children. It is a severe condition of a gastric trichobezoar with a long tail that passes into the small intestine. Here, we present the case of an 8-year-old girl with Rapunzel syndrome due to a very large (7 × 7 × 30 cm) gastric trichobezoar. The patient had trichotillomania and trichophagia for 1 year prior to presentation. Ideally, small bezoars are removed through a minimally invasive method, such as endoscopic fragmentation. However, large trichobezoars, including those in Rapunzel syndrome, can only be managed with open surgical extraction, despite the large scars that may result.We report a case of Rapunzel syndrome with a large bezoar that was surgically removed after it was endoscopically cauterized with argon plasma. Endoscopic precutting was used to effectively reduce the size of the bezoar.

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