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Arch Psychiatr Nurs. 2016 Jun;30(3):375-81. doi: 10.1016/j.apnu.2016.01.002. Epub 2016 Jan 11.

Research on the Effect of the Foot Bath and Foot Massage on Residual Schizophrenia Patients.

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Meio University, Health Sciences, Nago, Okinawa, Japan. Electronic address:
Meio University, Health Sciences, Nago, Okinawa, Japan.


Researchers performed foot baths and massages for residual schizophrenia patients to gauge the effects on psychiatric symptoms. Subjects were six residual schizophrenia patients hospitalized in a psychiatric hospital. Three times a week for 4weeks, they received an 8-minute effleurage massage to their legs after a 10-minute foot bath. The effect of physiological relaxation was identified by a significant decline in heart rate in all cases. The results of the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale are as follows: a mean score of 29.0 was measured before treatment, which lowered to 21.5 after treatment, indicating that foot care improved their negative symptoms (p<0.05).The results of the Quality of Life Scale before the foot care intervention, were 10.5 and increased to 34.0 after the intervention, indicating improvement in their quality of life (p<0.05). The results of the two measurements indicate that foot baths and massages were effective in improving psychiatric symptoms.

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