PMID- 27256685
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20171011
LR  - 20181202
IS  - 1467-789X (Electronic)
IS  - 1467-7881 (Linking)
VI  - 17
IP  - 9
DP  - 2016 Sep
TI  - Unhealthy diets, obesity and time discounting: a systematic literature review and
      network analysis.
PG  - 810-9
LID - 10.1111/obr.12431 [doi]
AB  - There is an increasing policy commitment to address the avoidable burdens of
      unhealthy diet, overweight and obesity. However, to design effective policies, it
      is important to understand why people make unhealthy dietary choices. Research
      from behavioural economics suggests a critical role for time discounting, which
      describes how people's value of a reward, such as better health, decreases with
      delay to its receipt. We systematically reviewed the literature on the
      relationship of time discounting with unhealthy diets, overweight and obesity in 
      Web of Science and PubMed. We identified 41 studies that met our inclusion
      criteria as they examined the association between time discount rates and (i)
      unhealthy food consumption; (ii) overweight and (iii) response to dietary and
      weight loss interventions. Nineteen out of 25 cross-sectional studies found time 
      discount rates positively associated with overweight, obesity and unhealthy
      diets. Experimental studies indicated that lower time discounting was associated 
      with greater weight loss. Findings varied by how time discount rates were
      measured; stronger results were observed for food than monetary-based
      measurements. Network co-citation analysis revealed a concentration of research
      in nutrition journals. Overall, there is moderate evidence that high time
      discounting is a significant risk factor for unhealthy diets, overweight and
      obesity and may serve as an important target for intervention. (c) 2016 The
      Authors Obesity Reviews published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of
      International Association for the Study of Obesity (IASO).
CI  - (c) 2016 The Authors Obesity Reviews published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf
      of International Association for the Study of Obesity (IASO).
FAU - Barlow, Pepita
AU  - Barlow P
AD  - Department of Sociology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
FAU - Reeves, Aaron
AU  - Reeves A
AD  - International Inequalities Institute, London School of Economics, London, UK.
FAU - McKee, Martin
AU  - McKee M
AD  - Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical
      Medicine, London, UK.
FAU - Galea, Gauden
AU  - Galea G
AD  - Division of Noncommunicable Diseases and Life-course, Regional Office for Europe,
      World Health Organization, Copenhagen, Denmark.
FAU - Stuckler, David
AU  - Stuckler D
AD  - Department of Sociology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
LA  - eng
GR  - 001/World Health Organization/International
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Review
PT  - Systematic Review
DEP - 20160603
PL  - England
TA  - Obes Rev
JT  - Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the
      Study of Obesity
JID - 100897395
SB  - IM
MH  - Choice Behavior
MH  - *Delay Discounting
MH  - *Diet
MH  - Food Preferences
MH  - Humans
MH  - Obesity/*psychology
MH  - Overweight/*psychology
MH  - Weight Loss
PMC - PMC4988386
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - *diets
OT  - *obesity
OT  - *overweight
OT  - *time discount
EDAT- 2016/06/04 06:00
MHDA- 2017/10/12 06:00
CRDT- 2016/06/04 06:00
PHST- 2016/02/28 00:00 [received]
PHST- 2016/04/26 00:00 [revised]
PHST- 2016/04/26 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2016/06/04 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2016/06/04 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2017/10/12 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.1111/obr.12431 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Obes Rev. 2016 Sep;17(9):810-9. doi: 10.1111/obr.12431. Epub 2016 Jun 3.