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Stroke. 2016 Jul;47(7):1817-24. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.116.012995. Epub 2016 Jun 2.

Clinical Outcomes of Transplanted Modified Bone Marrow-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Stroke: A Phase 1/2a Study.

Author information

1
From the Department of Neurosurgery (G.K.S., M.L.C., J.N.J.) and Department of Neurology and Neurological Sciences (G.K.S., N.E.S.), Stanford University School of Medicine and Stanford Health Care, CA; Department of Neurosurgery, New York University and NYU Langone Medical Center, NY (D.K.); Department of Neurosurgery (L.D.L.) and Department of Neurology (L.R.W., J.B.B.), University of Pittsburgh Medical School and University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, PA; Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco (A.S.K.); SanBio, Inc, Mountain View, CA (D.B., C.C., M.M., E.W.Y.); and Western Statistical Consulting, LLC, Phoenix, AZ (B.K.). cerebral@stanford.edu.
2
From the Department of Neurosurgery (G.K.S., M.L.C., J.N.J.) and Department of Neurology and Neurological Sciences (G.K.S., N.E.S.), Stanford University School of Medicine and Stanford Health Care, CA; Department of Neurosurgery, New York University and NYU Langone Medical Center, NY (D.K.); Department of Neurosurgery (L.D.L.) and Department of Neurology (L.R.W., J.B.B.), University of Pittsburgh Medical School and University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, PA; Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco (A.S.K.); SanBio, Inc, Mountain View, CA (D.B., C.C., M.M., E.W.Y.); and Western Statistical Consulting, LLC, Phoenix, AZ (B.K.).

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Preclinical data suggest that cell-based therapies have the potential to improve stroke outcomes.

METHODS:

Eighteen patients with stable, chronic stroke were enrolled in a 2-year, open-label, single-arm study to evaluate the safety and clinical outcomes of surgical transplantation of modified bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (SB623).

RESULTS:

All patients in the safety population (N=18) experienced at least 1 treatment-emergent adverse event. Six patients experienced 6 serious treatment-emergent adverse events; 2 were probably or definitely related to surgical procedure; none were related to cell treatment. All serious treatment-emergent adverse events resolved without sequelae. There were no dose-limiting toxicities or deaths. Sixteen patients completed 12 months of follow-up at the time of this analysis. Significant improvement from baseline (mean) was reported for: (1) European Stroke Scale: mean increase 6.88 (95% confidence interval, 3.5-10.3; P<0.001), (2) National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale: mean decrease 2.00 (95% confidence interval, -2.7 to -1.3; P<0.001), (3) Fugl-Meyer total score: mean increase 19.20 (95% confidence interval, 11.4-27.0; P<0.001), and (4) Fugl-Meyer motor function total score: mean increase 11.40 (95% confidence interval, 4.6-18.2; P<0.001). No changes were observed in modified Rankin Scale. The area of magnetic resonance T2 fluid-attenuated inversion recovery signal change in the ipsilateral cortex 1 week after implantation significantly correlated with clinical improvement at 12 months (P<0.001 for European Stroke Scale).

CONCLUSIONS:

In this interim report, SB623 cells were safe and associated with improvement in clinical outcome end points at 12 months.

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION:

URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01287936.

KEYWORDS:

Notch 1; allogeneic transplantation; mesenchymal stromal cells; phase 1 clinical trial; stem cells; stereotactic techniques; stroke

PMID:
27256670
PMCID:
PMC5828512
DOI:
10.1161/STROKEAHA.116.012995
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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