Send to

Choose Destination
Expert Rev Clin Immunol. 2016 Nov;12(11):1217-1237. Epub 2016 Jun 20.

Immune-mediated mechanisms of atherosclerosis and implications for the clinic.

Author information

a Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine , University of Cambridge , Cambridge , UK.


A large body of evidence supports the inflammatory hypothesis of atherosclerosis, and both innate and adaptive immune responses play important roles in all disease stages. Areas covered: Here, we review our understanding of the role of the immune response in atherosclerosis, focusing on the pathways currently amenable to therapeutic modulation. We also discuss the advantages or undesirable effects that may be foreseen from targeting the immune response in patients at high cardiovascular risk, suggesting new avenues for research. Expert commentary: There is an extraordinary opportunity to directly test the inflammatory hypothesis of atherosclerosis in the clinic using currently available therapeutics. However, a more balanced interpretation of the experimental and translational data is needed, which may help address and identify in more detail the appropriate settings where an immune pathway can be targeted with minimal risk.


Innate immune response; adaptive immune response; anti-inflammatory therapies; atherosclerosis

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Taylor & Francis
Loading ...
Support Center