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Springerplus. 2016 May 10;5:566. doi: 10.1186/s40064-016-2268-4. eCollection 2016.

Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in parturient women in Gipuzkoa, Northern Spain.

Author information

1
Microbiology Department, Hospital Universitario Donostia, Paseo Dr Beguiristain s/n, 20014 San Sebastián, Spain.
2
Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Hospital Universitario Donostia, San Sebastián, Spain.
3
Microbiology Department, Hospital Universitario Donostia, Paseo Dr Beguiristain s/n, 20014 San Sebastián, Spain ; Biomedical Research Centre Network for Respiratory Diseases (CIBERES), San Sebastián, Spain.
4
Pediatrics Department, Hospital Universitario Donostia, San Sebastián, Spain.
5
Microbiology Department, Hospital Universitario Donostia, Paseo Dr Beguiristain s/n, 20014 San Sebastián, Spain ; Biomedical Research Centre Network for Respiratory Diseases (CIBERES), San Sebastián, Spain ; Department of Medicine Preventive and Public Health, UPV/EHU, San Sebastián, Spain.

Abstract

The prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in Southern Europe is poorly understood and its identification is essential for the design of appropriate prevention policies. The prevalence of C. trachomatis in 2011-2014 was determined through polymerase chain reaction in urine samples from 11,687 unselected parturient women from the Basque Country, Spain (San Sebastián area). The overall age-adjusted prevalence was 1.0 % (95 % CI 0.8-1.2). The prevalence of infection in women younger than 25 years was 6.4 % and decreased substantially with increasing age: 2.0 % in 25-29 year-olds and 0.5 % in older women (P < 0.001). The prevalence was higher in parturient of foreign origin (1.9 %, 95 % CI 1.3-2.5) than in Spanish parturients (0.8 %, 95 % CI 0.6-1.0), (P < 0.001). The results of this study support the need to screen young women as part of antenatal care in Spain.

KEYWORDS:

Asymptomatic women; Chlamydia trachomatis; Parturient women; Pregnant women; Prevalence; Spain

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