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Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 2016 May 30. pii: acw029. [Epub ahead of print]

The Victoria Stroop Test: Normative Data in Quebec-French Adults and Elderly.

Author information

1
École de psychologie, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada Centre de recherche de l'Institut universitaire en santé mentale de Québec, Québec, QC, Canada.
2
Centre de recherche de l'Institut universitaire en santé mentale de Québec, Québec, QC, Canada.
3
Centre de recherche de l'Institut universitaire de gériatrie de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada Département de psychologie, Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada.
4
Centre de recherche de l'Institut universitaire de gériatrie de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada.
5
Département de psychologie, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada.
6
École de psychologie, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada.
7
Centre de recherche de l'Institut universitaire en santé mentale de Québec, Québec, QC, Canada Département de réadaptation, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada.
8
École de psychologie, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada Centre de recherche de l'Institut universitaire en santé mentale de Québec, Québec, QC, Canada carol.hudon@psy.ulaval.ca.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Despite the widespread use of the Victoria Stroop Test (VST; Regard, 1981) in clinical and research settings, information regarding the impact of sociodemographic variables on test performance in Quebec-French adults and elderly people is still nonexistent. Thus, this study aimed to establish normative data for error scores and completion time on all test trials (Dot, Word, and Interference) taking into account the impact of age, education, and sex on test performance.

METHOD:

The sample consisted of 646 community-dwelling and healthy Quebec-French individuals aged between 47 and 87 years.

RESULTS:

Regression analyses indicated that age was associated with completion time and error scores on all trials. The association was also positive for low and high interference conditions. Education was associated with completion time on Word and Interference trials, and with both interference scores. Finally, sex was associated with completion time on all trials, with women being consistently faster than men. Equations to calculate Z scores and percentiles are presented.

CONCLUSIONS:

Norms for the VST will ease interpretation of executive functioning in Quebec-French adults and elderly and favor accurate discrimination between normal and pathological cognitive states.

KEYWORDS:

Attention; Executive functions; Norms/normative studies; Quebec-French

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