PMID- 27246592
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20170412
LR  - 20171116
IS  - 1600-0617 (Electronic)
IS  - 0905-9180 (Linking)
VI  - 25
IP  - 140
DP  - 2016 Jun
TI  - Tobacco control in Europe: a policy review.
PG  - 151-7
LID - 10.1183/16000617.0021-2016 [doi]
AB  - Tobacco is responsible for the death of 6 million people every year globally, of 
      whom 700 000 are in Europe. Effective policies for tobacco control exist;
      however, the status of their implementation varies across the World Health
      Organization (WHO) European Region. In order to tackle the tobacco epidemic,
      action has been taken though the implementation of both legally binding and
      non-legally binding measures. This article aims to present the achievements and
      challenges of tobacco control in Europe, focussing on the available legally
      binding instruments such as the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control and
      the revision of the Tobacco Products Directive at the European Union level.
      Tobacco still faces heavy lobbying of the tobacco industry, which has
      systematically contrasted policies to achieve public health objectives. The legal
      instruments for tobacco control in Europe presented here are not always
      adequately enforced in all the countries and there is certainly room for
      improving their implementation. Finally, the need for a strong political
      commitment towards the end-game of the tobacco epidemic is emphasised.
CI  - The content of this work is (c)the authors or their employers. Design and
      branding are (c)ERS 2016.
FAU - Bertollini, Roberto
AU  - Bertollini R
AD  - WHO Office at the European Union, Brussels, Belgium bertollinir@weu.who.int.
FAU - Ribeiro, Sofia
AU  - Ribeiro S
AD  - WHO Office at the European Union, Brussels, Belgium.
FAU - Mauer-Stender, Kristina
AU  - Mauer-Stender K
AD  - WHO Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen, Denmark.
FAU - Galea, Gauden
AU  - Galea G
AD  - WHO Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen, Denmark.
LA  - eng
GR  - 001/World Health Organization/International
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Review
PL  - England
TA  - Eur Respir Rev
JT  - European respiratory review : an official journal of the European Respiratory
      Society
JID - 9111391
SB  - IM
MH  - Europe
MH  - *Government Regulation
MH  - Health Policy/*legislation & jurisprudence
MH  - Humans
MH  - Lobbying
MH  - Policy Making
MH  - Public Health/*legislation & jurisprudence
MH  - Risk Assessment
MH  - Risk Factors
MH  - Smoking/adverse effects/epidemiology/*legislation & jurisprudence
MH  - Smoking Cessation/*legislation & jurisprudence
MH  - *Smoking Prevention
MH  - Tobacco Use/*legislation & jurisprudence/*prevention & control
EDAT- 2016/06/02 06:00
MHDA- 2017/04/13 06:00
CRDT- 2016/06/02 06:00
PHST- 2016/03/01 00:00 [received]
PHST- 2016/03/25 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2016/06/02 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2016/06/02 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2017/04/13 06:00 [medline]
AID - 25/140/151 [pii]
AID - 10.1183/16000617.0021-2016 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Eur Respir Rev. 2016 Jun;25(140):151-7. doi: 10.1183/16000617.0021-2016.