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Crisis. 2016 Jul;37(4):271-280. Epub 2016 Jun 1.

Development and Validation of the Gatekeeper Behavior Scale.

Author information

1
1 Department of Psychology, Baruch College, City University of New York, USA.
2
2 Kognito, New York, NY, USA.
3
3 Department of Psychology, Baruch College and The Graduate Center, City University of New York, USA.
4
4 Begun Center for Violence Prevention Research and Education, Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Community-based gatekeeper trainings are effective tools in increasing gatekeeper skills but few validated measures assess impact.

AIMS:

This study aimed at determining the validity of an 11-item Gatekeeper Behavior Scale (GBS) to assess gatekeeper skills that predict behavior.

METHOD:

To validate the scale, 8,931 users were administered GBS surveys at pretraining, posttraining, and follow-up periods. The training was one of five from the suite of online At-Risk mental health learning simulations for university faculty/staff or students or high/middle school educators.

RESULTS:

A confirmatory factor analysis revealed the three-factor model based on the subscales of preparedness, likelihood, and self-efficacy fit the data best. Factor loadings showed all items correlated highly with theoretical constructs (r ≥ .84, p < .001). The GBS had high internal consistency (α = 0.93). Criterion-related validity for likelihood to discuss concerns at posttraining was significantly related to approaching students believed to be in psychological distress (r = .219, p < .001). Likelihood to refer significantly correlated with the number of students referred (r = .235, p < .001). Convergent validity was established via a correlation between self-efficacy in motivating someone to seek help and general self-efficacy (r = .519, p < .001).

CONCLUSION:

The GBS appears to be a valid tool in measuring the impact of online gatekeeper training simulations and holds promise for assessing other delivery methods.

KEYWORDS:

assessment; confirmatory factor analysis; gatekeeper; suicide prevention; validity

PMID:
27245815
DOI:
10.1027/0227-5910/a000382
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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