Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Front Psychol. 2016 May 13;7:600. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00600. eCollection 2016.

Exploring Environmental Factors in Nursing Workplaces That Promote Psychological Resilience: Constructing a Unified Theoretical Model.

Author information

1
Faculty Health Sciences, School of Nursing, University of Adelaide Adelaide, SA, Australia.
2
Faculty Health Sciences, School of Nursing, University of AdelaideAdelaide, SA, Australia; School of Nursing and Midwifery, The University of Southern QueenslandToowoomba, QLD, Australia.
3
School of Psychology and Speech Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University Perth, WA, Australia.
4
Nursing School, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Porto Alegre, Brazil.
5
School of Nursing and Midwifery, The University of Southern Queensland Toowoomba, QLD, Australia.
6
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Monash University Clayton, VIC, Australia.
7
School of Nursing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University Honk Kong, China.

Abstract

Building nurses' resilience to complex and stressful practice environments is necessary to keep skilled nurses in the workplace and ensuring safe patient care. A unified theoretical framework titled Health Services Workplace Environmental Resilience Model (HSWERM), is presented to explain the environmental factors in the workplace that promote nurses' resilience. The framework builds on a previously-published theoretical model of individual resilience, which identified the key constructs of psychological resilience as self-efficacy, coping and mindfulness, but did not examine environmental factors in the workplace that promote nurses' resilience. This unified theoretical framework was developed using a literary synthesis drawing on data from international studies and literature reviews on the nursing workforce in hospitals. The most frequent workplace environmental factors were identified, extracted and clustered in alignment with key constructs for psychological resilience. Six major organizational concepts emerged that related to a positive resilience-building workplace and formed the foundation of the theoretical model. Three concepts related to nursing staff support (professional, practice, personal) and three related to nursing staff development (professional, practice, personal) within the workplace environment. The unified theoretical model incorporates these concepts within the workplace context, linking to the nurse, and then impacting on personal resilience and workplace outcomes, and its use has the potential to increase staff retention and quality of patient care.

KEYWORDS:

environment; nurses; resilience; workplace

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Frontiers Media SA Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center