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Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 2016 Nov;55(11):855-63. doi: 10.1002/gcc.22385. Epub 2016 Jul 7.

Prevalence of germline mutations in the spindle assembly checkpoint gene BUB1B in individuals with early-onset colorectal cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Human Genetics, Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
2
Department of Surgical Research, Universitätsklinikum Carl Gustav Carus, Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany.
3
Department of Pathology, Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
4
Department of Human Genetics, Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Richarda.deVoer@radboudumc.nl.

Abstract

Germline mutations in BUB1B, encoding BUBR1, one of the crucial components of the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC), have been shown to cause variable phenotypes, including the recessive mosaic variegated aneuploidy (MVA) syndrome, which predisposes to cancer. Reduced levels of the wild-type BUBR1 protein have been linked to the development of gastrointestinal neoplasms. To determine whether mutations in BUB1B are enriched in individuals with colorectal cancer (CRC), we performed amplicon-based targeted next-generation sequencing of BUB1B on germline DNA of 192 individuals with early-onset CRC (≤50 years). None of the individuals was found to be homozygous or compound heterozygous for mutations in BUB1B. However, we did identify two rare heterozygous variants, p.Glu390del and p.Cys945Tyr, in patients who developed CRC at the ages of 41 and 43 years, respectively. Both variants were shown not to affect BUBR1 protein expression levels and protein localization. Since the p.Glu390del variant is located in the BUB3-binding domain, we also performed immunoprecipitation to examine whether this variant affects the binding of BUB1 or BUB3 to BUBR1 but, compared to wild-type BUBR1, no difference was observed. Our data suggest that mutations in BUB1B do not occur frequently in the germline of individuals with CRC and that BUB1B unlikely plays a major role in the predisposition to early-onset CRC. Whether carriers of pathogenic BUB1B mutations, such as the parents of MVA syndrome patients, have an increased risk for cancer remains of interest, as studies in mice have suggested that haploinsufficiency of BUB1B may cause an increase in carcinogen-induced tumors.

PMID:
27239782
DOI:
10.1002/gcc.22385
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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