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J Mater Res. 2016 Feb 15;31(3):321-327. Epub 2016 Jan 26.

Repair of dentin defects from DSPP knockout mice by PILP mineralization.

Author information

1
Department of Preventive and Restorative Dental Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143, USA.
2
Department of Biomedical Sciences and Center for Craniofacial Research and Diagnosis, Texas A&M University Baylor College of Dentistry, Dallas, Texas 75246, USA.
3
Department of Materials Science & Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA.

Abstract

Dentinogenesis imperfecta type II (DGI-II) lacks intrafibrillar mineral with severe compromise of dentin mechanical properties. A Dspp knockout (Dspp-/-) mouse, with a phenotype similar to that of human DGI-II, was used to determine if poly-L-aspartic acid [poly(ASP)] in the "polymer-induced liquid-precursor" (PILP) system can restore its mechanical properties. Dentin from six-week old Dspp-/- and wild-type mice was treated with CaP solution containing poly(ASP) for up to 14 days. Elastic modulus and hardness before and after treatment were correlated with mineralization from Micro x-ray computed tomography (Micro-XCT). Transmission electron microscopy (TEM)/Selected area electron diffraction (SAED) were used to compare matrix mineralization and crystallography. Mechanical properties of the Dspp-/- dentin were significantly less than wild-type dentin and recovered significantly (P < 0.05) after PILP-treatment, reaching values comparable to wild-type dentin. Micro-XCT showed mineral recovery similar to wild-type dentin after PILP-treatment. TEM/SAED showed repair of patchy mineralization and complete mineralization of defective dentin. This approach may lead to new strategies for hard tissue repair.

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