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Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2016 Jul;7(5):954-957. doi: 10.1016/j.ttbdis.2016.04.017. Epub 2016 May 13.

Molecular characterization of Ehrlichia canis infecting dogs, Buenos Aires.

Author information

1
Instituto de Zoonosis Luis Pasteur, Ministerio de Salud, Buenos Aires City, Argentina. Electronic address: gcicuttin@gmail.com.
2
Instituto de Zoonosis Luis Pasteur, Ministerio de Salud, Buenos Aires City, Argentina.

Abstract

Canine monocytic ehrlichiosis (CME) is a worldwide potentially fatal tick-borne rickettsial disease of dogs caused by Ehrlichia canis and transmitted by Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato. CME diagnosis includes indirect (serology) and direct (e.g. blood smears and PCR) methods. PCR is more sensitive and specific than direct microscopic examination and positive PCR results confirm infection, whereas positive serologic test results only confirm exposure. The aim of the present study was to perform a molecular characterization of E. canis from canine samples of the Metropolitan Area of Buenos Aires. We studied 223 blood samples of dogs submitted to our institute for CME diagnoses. The samples were initially screened for Anaplasmataceae family by PCR, resulting in 30 positive dogs (13.4%). Subsequently, positive DNAs were analyzed by nested PCR 16S rRNA specific for E. canis or Anaplasma platys, resulting in 15 (6.7%) and 16 (7.2%) positive dogs, respectively. For molecular characterization, samples positive for E. canis were subjected to amplification of a fragment of the dsb and p28 genes. The nucleotide sequences obtained for the dsb fragment resulted in 100% identity with others E. canis found in dogs from different regions of worldwide. The nucleotide sequences obtained for p28 gene resulted in 100% of identity with each other and closely with E. canis str. Jaboticabal (Brazil). Identity with others sequences of E. canis ranged from 76.9 to 79.7%. The occurrence of canine cases molecularly confirmed in Metropolitan Area of Buenos Aires highlights the need for more studies in order to understand epidemiological factors associated with CME, especially the disease transmission dynamic in South America given the existence of two lineages of R. sanguineus sensu lato with different vectorial capacity for transmission of E. canis.

KEYWORDS:

Buenos Aires; Dogs; Ehrlichia canis; Rhipicephalus sanguineus

PMID:
27236582
DOI:
10.1016/j.ttbdis.2016.04.017
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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