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Physiol Behav. 2016 Oct 1;164(Pt A):68-85. doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2016.05.039. Epub 2016 May 24.

Altered diurnal pattern of steroid hormones in relation to various behaviors, external factors and pathologies: A review.

Author information

1
CIAMS, Université Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France; CIAMS, Université Orléans, 45067 Orléans, France; Département des Analyses, Agence Française de Lutte contre le Dopage, 92290 Chatenay-Malabry, France. Electronic address: katia.collomp@univ-orleans.fr.
2
Département des Sciences Infirmières, Université du Québec en Outaouais, Gatineau, Canada; Institut de recherche de l'hôpital Montfort, Ottawa, Canada.
3
Département de Psychoéducation et de Psychologie, Université du Québec en Outaouais, Gatineau, Québec J8X 3X7, Canada.
4
Département des Analyses, Agence Française de Lutte contre le Dopage, 92290 Chatenay-Malabry, France; UMR Inserm 1075, Université de Caen, 14032 Caen, France.
5
CIAMS, Université Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France; CIAMS, Université Orléans, 45067 Orléans, France.

Abstract

The adrenal and gonadal stress steroids [i.e., cortisol, testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)] have gathered considerable attention in the last few decades due to their very broad physiological and psychological actions. Their diurnal patterns have become a particular focus following new data implicating altered diurnal hormone patterns in various endocrine, behavioral and cardiovascular risk profiles. In this review of the current literature, we present a brief overview of the altered diurnal patterns of these hormones that may occur in relation to chronic stress, nutritional behaviors, physical exercise, drugs and sleep deprivation/shift. We also present data on the altered diurnal hormone patterns implicated in cardiometabolic and psychiatric/neurologic diseases, cancer and other complex pathologies. We consider the occasionally discrepant results of the studies, and summarize the current knowledge in this new field of interest, underlining the potential effects on both biological and psychological functioning, and assess the implications of these effects. Last, we conclude with some practical considerations and perspectives.

KEYWORDS:

Behavior; Circadian rhythm; Cortisol; DHEA; Pathology; Physical exercise; Testosterone

PMID:
27235338
DOI:
10.1016/j.physbeh.2016.05.039
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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