Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Neuromolecular Med. 2016 Dec;18(4):593-601. Epub 2016 May 27.

Plasma Amyloid Beta 1-42 and DNA Methylation Pattern Predict Accelerated Aging in Young Subjects with Down Syndrome.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, Saarland University Hospital, Building 57, 66421, Homburg/Saar, Germany. rima.obeid@uks.eu.
2
Aarhus Institute of Advanced Studies, University of Aarhus, Høegh-Guldbergs Gade 6B, Building 1632, 8000, Aarhus C, Denmark. rima.obeid@uks.eu.
3
Department of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, Saarland University Hospital, Building 57, 66421, Homburg/Saar, Germany.

Abstract

Gene methylation is an age-related dynamic process that influences diseases. Premature aging and disturbed methylation are components of Down syndrome (DS). We studied blood biomarkers and DNA methylation (DNAm) of three CpG sites (ASPA, ITGA2B, and PDE4C) in 60 elderly subjects (mean age = 68 years), 31 subjects with DS (12.1 years) and 44 controls (12.8 years). Plasma concentrations of amyloid beta (Aβ) 1-42 and biomarkers of methylation were measured in the young groups. Subjects with DS had significantly higher concentrations of plasma S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH) and Aβ and reduced S-adenosylmethionine/SAH ratio compared with the controls. Methylations (%) of ASPA and ITGA2B were lower in DS [mean difference; 95 % confidence intervals = -2.2 (-4.5, 0.1) for ASPA and -5.0 (-8.9, -1.1) for ITGA2B]. Methylation of PDE4C did not differ between the groups. The sum of z-scores for methylations of ASPA and ITGA2B, both of which declined with age, was significantly lower in DS [-1.01 (-1.93, -0.20), p = 0.017]. Subjects with DS were found to be 3.1 (1.5-4.6) years older than their predicted age based on a regression model of the controls. Elevated SAH levels predicted lower DNAm of ASPA and ITGA2B in stepwise regression analysis. Therefore, methylation of three CpGs combined with plasma Aβ has shown a 3-year accelerated aging in subjects with DS at the age of 12 years. Disorders in the methylation cycle explained pathoepigenetic modifications in subjects with DS. The influence of modifications in the methylation cycle on epigenetic markers of aging warrants further investigations.

KEYWORDS:

Aging; Amyloid beta; DNA methylation; Epigenomics; Trisomy 21

PMID:
27234618
DOI:
10.1007/s12017-016-8413-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center