Send to

Choose Destination
Ann Thorac Surg. 2016 Sep;102(3):735-742. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2016.02.084. Epub 2016 May 25.

Undersized Rigid Nonplanar Annuloplasty: The Key to Effective and Durable Repair of Functional Tricuspid Regurgitation.

Author information

Division of Cardiac Surgery, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.
Department of Statistics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia.
Division of Cardiac Surgery, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland. Electronic address:



Previous clinical experiences have demonstrated high early and late recurrence rates after repair of functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR). We investigated the results of functional TR repair with undersized rigid nonplanar annuloplasty rings.


From January 2007 to December 2013, 216 consecutive patients with moderate or greater functional TR were treated with undersized (size 26 mm or 28 mm) rigid nonplanar annuloplasty rings.


The mean age was 69 ± 13 years. There was a previous history of cardiac operation in 25% (54 of 216 patients). Tricuspid regurgitation was graded as severe in 47% (102 of 216) and moderate in 53% (114 of 216). Concomitant operations included mitral valve procedures in 92% (198 of 216), coronary artery bypass grafting in 21% (45 of 216), aortic valve procedures in 9% (20 of 216), and cryomaze procedures in 35% (76 of 216). Size 26 mm rings were used in 38% of patients (81 of 216), and size 28 mm in 62% (135 of 216). The perioperative mortality rate was 6% (14 of 216). On predischarge echocardiography, TR grade was none or mild in 94% (176 of 187 patients), moderate in 4% (7 of 187), and severe in 2% (4 of 187). At a mean follow-up of 33.0 ± 24.0 months, TR grade was none or mild in 81% of patients (130 of 160), moderate in 16% (26 of 160), and severe in 2% (4 of 160). There were no reoperations for recurrent TR, and no patients have had tricuspid stenosis or annuloplasty ring dehiscence.


Treatment of functional TR with undersized (26 mm or 28 mm) nonplanar rigid annuloplasty rings is safe and highly effective, with a near absence of recurrent severe TR at midterm follow-up.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center