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Ann Occup Hyg. 2016 Oct;60(8):1020-35. doi: 10.1093/annhyg/mew028. Epub 2016 May 27.

Factors Associated With Non-compliance of Asbestos Occupational Standards in Brake Repair Workers.

Author information

1
1.Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Universidad de Los Andes, Carrera 1 Este #19A-40 ML328, Bogotá 111711, Colombia;
2
2.Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA;
3
3.Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA;
4
4.Medical Department, Fundación Neumológica Colombiana, Cra. 13B #161-85, Bogotá 110131, Colombia;
5
4.Medical Department, Fundación Neumológica Colombiana, Cra. 13B #161-85, Bogotá 110131, Colombia; 5.Research Department, Fundación Neumológica Colombiana, Cra. 13B #161-85, Bogotá 110131, Colombia.
6
5.Research Department, Fundación Neumológica Colombiana, Cra. 13B #161-85, Bogotá 110131, Colombia.
7
1.Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Universidad de Los Andes, Carrera 1 Este #19A-40 ML328, Bogotá 111711, Colombia; jramos@uniandes.edu.co.

Abstract

Asbestos and non-asbestos containing brake products are currently used in low- and middle-income countries like Colombia. Because brake products are distributed detached from their supports, they require manipulation before installation, which release fibers and expose workers. Previous studies of our research group have documented exposures in excess of the widely accepted 0.1 f/cm(3) exposure guideline. The aim of this study is to identify factors associated with non-compliance of the 8-h time weighted average (TWA) 0.1 f/cm(3) asbestos occupational limit among brake mechanics (i.e. riveters). Eighteen brake repair shops (BRS) located in Bogotá (Colombia) were sampled during 3 to 6 consecutive days for the entire work-shift. Personal and short-term personal samples were collected following NIOSH methods 7400 and 7402. Longitudinal based logistic regression models were used to determine the association between the odds of exceeding the 8-h TWA 0.1 f/cm(3) asbestos occupational limit and variables such as type of tasks performed by workers, workload (number of products manipulated daily), years of experience as riveters, and shop characteristics. These models can be used to estimate the odds of being currently or historically overexposed when sampling data do not exist. Since the information required to run the models can vary for both retrospective and current asbestos occupational exposure studies, three models were constructed with different information requirements. The first model evaluated the association between the odds of non-compliance with variables related to the workload, the second model evaluated the association between the odds of non-compliance with variables related to the manipulation tasks, and the third model evaluated the association between the odds of non-compliance with variables related with both the type of tasks performed by workers and the workload. Variables associated with the odds of non-compliance included conducting at least one manipulation activity with beveling and grinding of asbestos and non-asbestos containing brake products during the work shift, the location of the worker in the shop during non-manipulation activities, cleaning activities of the manipulation area, the years of experience working as riveters, and the number of asbestos and non-asbestos containing brake products manipulated daily. These models could be useful for current and retrospective occupational studies, in determining the odds of non-compliance of the asbestos occupational limit among brake mechanics.

KEYWORDS:

asbestos exposures; brake mechanics; compliance; occupational standards

PMID:
27234376
DOI:
10.1093/annhyg/mew028
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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