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Enzyme Microb Technol. 2016 Jul;89:69-75. doi: 10.1016/j.enzmictec.2016.03.008. Epub 2016 Mar 29.

Site-directed mutagenesis of porcine pepsin: Possible role of Asp32, Thr33, Asp215 and Gly217 in maintaining the nuclease activity of pepsin.

Author information

1
College of Food Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, China.
2
College of Food Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, China; Innovation and Application Institute, Zhejiang Ocean University, Zhoushan 316022, China.
3
Innovation and Application Institute, Zhejiang Ocean University, Zhoushan 316022, China.
4
College of Food Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, China. Electronic address: dongping@ouc.edu.cn.
5
College of Food Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, China. Electronic address: liangxg@ouc.edu.cn.

Abstract

Site-directed mutagenesis of porcine pepsin was performed to identify its active sites that regulate nucleic acid (NA) digestion activity and to analyze the mechanism pepsin-mediated NA digestion. The mutation sites were distributed at the catalytic center of the enzyme (T33A, G34A, Y75H, T77A, Y189H, V214A, G217A and S219A) and at its active site (D32A and D215A) for protein digestion. Mutation of the active site residues Asp32 and Asp215 led to the inactivation of pepsin (both the NA and protein digestion activity), which demonstrated that the active sites of the pepsin protease activity were also important for its nuclease activity. Analysis of the variants revealed that T33A and G217A mutants showed a complete loss of NA digestion activity. In conclusion, residues Asp32, Thr33, Asp215 and Gly217 were related to the pepsin active sites for NA digestion. Moreover, the Y189H and V214A variants showed a loss of digestion activity on double-strand DNA (dsDNA) but only a decrease in digestion activity on single-strand DNA (ssDNA). On the contrary, the G34A variant showed a loss of digestion activity on ssDNA but only a decrease in digestion activity on dsDNA. Our findings are the first to identify the active sites of pepsin nuclease activity and lay the framework for further study of the mechanism of pepsin nuclease activity.

KEYWORDS:

Active sites; Nucleic acids; Pepsin; Site-directed mutagenesis

PMID:
27233129
DOI:
10.1016/j.enzmictec.2016.03.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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