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Eur J Sport Sci. 2016 Nov;16(8):1055-63. doi: 10.1080/17461391.2016.1185164. Epub 2016 May 27.

Effects of resistance training on expression of IGF-I splice variants in younger and older men.

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a Department of Biology of Physical Activity and Neuromuscular Research Center , University of Jyväskylä , Jyväskylä , Finland.
b LIKES Research Center for Sport and Health Sciences , Jyväskylä , Finland.
c The Department of Human Sciences , The Ohio State University , OH , USA.
d Jyväskylä Central Hospital , Jyväskylä , Finland.
e Department of Medical Rehabilitation , Oulu University Hospital, Oulu and Institute of Health Sciences, University of Oulu , Oulu , Finland.
f Department of Health Sciences and Gerontology Research Centre , University of Jyväskylä , Jyväskylä , Finland.
g Department of Experimental Physiology, Medical School , National and Kapodistrian University of Athens , Athens , Greece.


Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and its splice variants Insulin-like growth factor-I isoform Ea (IGF-IEa) and mechano growth factor (MGF) may play an important role in muscular adaptations to resistance training (RT) that may be modulated by ageing. It has been suggested that IGF-I induces cellular responses via AKT8 virus oncogene cellular homolog (Akt) and Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (Erk) signalling pathways. Therefore, resistance exercise-induced changes in skeletal muscle IGF-IEa and MGF messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA), and MGF, Erk1/2, Akt and p70S6K protein expression were investigated before and after 21 weeks of RT in younger (YM, 20-34 yrs., n = 7) and older men (OM, 51-71 yrs., n = 10). Experimental resistance exercises (RE) of 5 × 10 repetition maximum leg presses were performed pre- and post-RT. Muscle biopsies were obtained before and 48 h after REs, to study the late response to muscle loading. The muscle proteins or mRNAs of interest were not systematically influenced by the REs or RT, except for MGF mRNA expression which was increased (p < .01) following RE before RT in OM. No differences were observed between YM and OM in any variables. This study demonstrated that basal levels or RE-induced responses in skeletal muscle MGF, Erk1/2, Akt and p70S6K protein levels or IGF-IEa and MGF mRNA expression did not differ between YM and OM, nor change systematically due to RT. Thus, ageing appears not to effect expression of the present signalling molecules involved in skeletal muscle hypertrophy.


Mechano growth factor; ageing; cell signalling; gene expression; muscle hypertrophy

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