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J Autism Dev Disord. 2016 Aug;46(8):2813-20. doi: 10.1007/s10803-016-2813-6.

Brief Report: Reduced Restricted and Repetitive Behaviors after Pivotal Response Treatment.

Author information

1
Yale Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine, 230 South Frontage Road, PO Box 207900, New Haven, CT, 06520-7900, USA. pamela.ventola@yale.edu.
2
Yale Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine, 230 South Frontage Road, PO Box 207900, New Haven, CT, 06520-7900, USA.

Abstract

Children with ASD show high frequency of restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRBs); however, higher-order RRBs, such as restricted interests, have remained largely resistant to treatment. This study evaluated change in severity of RRBs following a 16-weeks open trial of Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT). Participants included 15 children with ASD ages 4-7 years. RRBs, as measured by the repetitive behavioral scales-revised (RBS-R) and aberrant behaviors checklist, decreased significantly after treatment. These reductions remained significant after controlling for change in social communication skills. PRT shows promise in reducing RRBs; although PRT explicitly addresses pivotal social communication skills, there is a secondary and less direct effect on RRBs.

KEYWORDS:

Behavior therapy; Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT); Repetitive Behavior Scale-Revised (RBS-R); Restricted and repetitive behaviors

PMID:
27230762
PMCID:
PMC4939123
DOI:
10.1007/s10803-016-2813-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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