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Food Funct. 2016 Jun 15;7(6):2789-99. doi: 10.1039/c6fo00172f. Epub 2016 May 26.

Intestinal immunomodulating activity and structural characterization of a new polysaccharide from stems of Dendrobium officinale.

Author information

1
School of Food Science and Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China. jianpingluo@hfut.edu.cn.

Abstract

A homogeneous polysaccharide fraction (DOP-W3-b) with a high intestinal immunomodulating activity was obtained from the stems of Dendrobium officinale through a bioactivity-guided sequential isolation procedure based on the screening of Peyer's patch-mediated immunomodulating activity. Oral administration experiments of mice showed that DOP-W3-b could effectively regulate intestinal mucosal immune activity by changing intestinal mucosal structures, promoting the secretions of cytokines from Peyer's patches (PPs) and mesenteric lymph nodes (MLNs), and increasing the production of secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) in the lamina propria. Structure analysis indicated that DOP-W3-b was composed of mannose and glucose in a molar ratio of 4.5 with a relatively low molecular weight of 1.543 × 10(4) Da, and its repeat unit contained a backbone consisting of β-(1→4)-d-Manp, β-(1→4)-d-Glcp and β-(1→3,6)-d-Manp residues, a branch consisting of β-(1→4)-d-Manp, β-(1→4)-d-Glcp and terminal β-d-Glcp, and O-acetyl groups attached to O-2 of β-(1→4)-d-Manp. These results suggested that DOP-W3-b was a new polysaccharide with an essential potential for modulating body's immune functions.

PMID:
27225227
DOI:
10.1039/c6fo00172f
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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