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Pers Soc Psychol Rev. 2017 Aug;21(3):228-252. doi: 10.1177/1088868316650307. Epub 2016 May 24.

Affectionate Touch to Promote Relational, Psychological, and Physical Well-Being in Adulthood: A Theoretical Model and Review of the Research.

Author information

1
1 Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Abstract

Throughout the life span, individuals engage in affectionate touch with close others. Touch receipt promotes well-being in infancy, but the impacts of touch in adult close relationships have been largely unexplored. In this article, we propose that affectionate touch receipt promotes relational, psychological, and physical well-being in adulthood, and we present a theoretical mechanistic model to explain why affectionate touch may promote these outcomes. The model includes pathways through which touch could affect well-being by reducing stress and by promoting well-being independent of stress. Specifically, two immediate outcomes of affectionate touch receipt-relational-cognitive changes and neurobiological changes-are described as important mechanisms underlying the effects of affectionate touch on well-being. We also review and evaluate the existing research linking affectionate touch to well-being in adulthood and propose an agenda to advance research in this area. This theoretical perspective provides a foundation for future work on touch in adult close relationships.

KEYWORDS:

affectionate touch; close relationships; health; physiology; stress; well-being

PMID:
27225036
DOI:
10.1177/1088868316650307
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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