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J Cell Mol Med. 2016 Aug;20(8):1513-22. doi: 10.1111/jcmm.12840. Epub 2016 May 25.

Inhibition of Rac1 reduces store overload-induced calcium release and protects against ventricular arrhythmia.

Zhang L1,2, Lu X2, Gui L2,3, Wu Y2,4, Sims SM2, Wang G1, Feng Q2,5.

Author information

1
Institute of Pathology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.
2
Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada.
3
Nantong University Medical School, Nantong, China.
4
Metabolic Syndrome Research Center, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China.
5
Lawson Health Research Institute, London, ON, Canada.

Abstract

Rac1 is a small GTPase and plays key roles in multiple cellular processes including the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, whether Rac1 activation during myocardial ischaemia and reperfusion (I/R) contributes to arrhythmogenesis is not fully understood. We aimed to study the effects of Rac1 inhibition on store overload-induced Ca(2+) release (SOICR) and ventricular arrhythmia during myocardial I/R. Adult Rac1(f/f) and cardiac-specific Rac1 knockdown (Rac1(ckd) ) mice were subjected to myocardial I/R and their electrocardiograms (ECGs) were monitored for ventricular arrhythmia. Myocardial Rac1 activity was increased and ventricular arrhythmia was induced during I/R in Rac1(f/f) mice. Remarkably, I/R-induced ventricular arrhythmia was significantly decreased in Rac1(ckd) compared to Rac1(f/f) mice. Furthermore, treatment with Rac1 inhibitor NSC23766 decreased I/R-induced ventricular arrhythmia. Ca(2+) imaging analysis showed that in response to a 6 mM external Ca(2+) concentration challenge, SOICR was induced with characteristic spontaneous intracellular Ca(2+) waves in Rac1(f/f) cardiomyocytes. Notably, SOICR was diminished by pharmacological and genetic inhibition of Rac1 in adult cardiomyocytes. Moreover, I/R-induced ROS production and ryanodine receptor 2 (RyR2) oxidation were significantly inhibited in the myocardium of Rac1(ckd) mice. We conclude that Rac1 activation induces ventricular arrhythmia during myocardial I/R. Inhibition of Rac1 suppresses SOICR and protects against ventricular arrhythmia. Blockade of Rac1 activation may represent a new paradigm for the treatment of cardiac arrhythmia in ischaemic heart disease.

KEYWORDS:

Rac1; arrhythmia; ischaemia and reperfusion; reactive oxygen species; store overload-induced calcium release

PMID:
27222313
PMCID:
PMC4956946
DOI:
10.1111/jcmm.12840
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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