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Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2016 Jul;18(7):62. doi: 10.1007/s11920-016-0700-7.

Psychiatric and Medical Comorbidity in the Primary Care Geriatric Patient-An Update.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Montefiore Medical Center, 111 East 210th Street, Bronx, NY, 10467, USA. gkennedy@montefiore.org.
2
Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, NY, 10461, USA. gkennedy@montefiore.org.
3
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Montefiore Medical Center, 111 East 210th Street, Bronx, NY, 10467, USA.
4
Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, NY, 10461, USA.

Abstract

The mental health needs of older primary care patients are now widely recognized if not widely addressed. The range of behavioral health approaches including co-locating psychiatrists and integrating mental health professionals as care managers into primary care sites is extensive and growing. Nonetheless the primary care provider remains the first line of defense against mental disorders, most commonly depression and anxiety that accompany and exacerbate common physical conditions. The excess, potentially avoidable disability that results from comorbidity makes it imperative that early recognition and evidence based intervention occur. Multi-morbidity and polypharmacy make intervention a challenge. Psychotherapy can help overcome comorbidity depression however the most accessible intervention would be an antidepressant FDA approved for both anxiety and depressive disorders. For all these reasons, a focus on physical conditions most commonly associated with mental disorders can foster early recognition before the older patient's care becomes overwhelmingly complicated.

KEYWORDS:

Anxiety; Comorbidity; Dementia; Depression; Geriatric; Neurocognitive

PMID:
27222136
DOI:
10.1007/s11920-016-0700-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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