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J Adv Nurs. 2016 Dec;72(12):2954-2965. doi: 10.1111/jan.13031. Epub 2016 Jun 23.

Systematic methodological review: developing a framework for a qualitative semi-structured interview guide.

Author information

1
Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.
2
Department of Nursing Science, Social and Health Care Services, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.
3
School of Nursing, Midwifery, Social Work and Social Sciences, University of Salford, Manchester, UK.

Abstract

AIM:

To produce a framework for the development of a qualitative semi-structured interview guide.

BACKGROUND:

Rigorous data collection procedures fundamentally influence the results of studies. The semi-structured interview is a common data collection method, but methodological research on the development of a semi-structured interview guide is sparse.

DESIGN:

Systematic methodological review.

DATA SOURCES:

We searched PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus and Web of Science for methodological papers on semi-structured interview guides from October 2004-September 2014. Having examined 2,703 titles and abstracts and 21 full texts, we finally selected 10 papers.

REVIEW METHODS:

We analysed the data using the qualitative content analysis method.

RESULTS:

Our analysis resulted in new synthesized knowledge on the development of a semi-structured interview guide, including five phases: (1) identifying the prerequisites for using semi-structured interviews; (2) retrieving and using previous knowledge; (3) formulating the preliminary semi-structured interview guide; (4) pilot testing the guide; and (5) presenting the complete semi-structured interview guide.

CONCLUSION:

Rigorous development of a qualitative semi-structured interview guide contributes to the objectivity and trustworthiness of studies and makes the results more plausible. Researchers should consider using this five-step process to develop a semi-structured interview guide and justify the decisions made during it.

KEYWORDS:

interview guide; methodology; nursing; qualitative research; semi-structured interview; systematic review; thematic interview

PMID:
27221824
DOI:
10.1111/jan.13031
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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