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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1989 Jan 15;48(2):145-50.

Phosphate regulation of ACV synthetase and cephalosporin biosynthesis in Streptomyces clavuligerus.

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  • 1Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139.


Cephalosporin production by Streptomyces clavuligerus was reduced sharply by 60 mM phosphate added to a chemically-defined medium. All the four synthetases in the pathway examined, i.e., ACV synthetase, cyclase, epimerase and expandase, were repressed by phosphate, with ACV synthetase being the main repression target and expandase the next. ACV synthetase activity was inhibited by phosphate to a lesser extent than expandase and cyclase, and this inhibition could be reversed by adding Fe2+. Fe2+ itself was inhibitory to ACV synthetase action.

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