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Ann Coloproctol. 2016 Apr;32(2):73-8. doi: 10.3393/ac.2016.32.2.73. Epub 2016 Apr 30.

Safety and Efficacy of Permacol Injection in the Treatment of Fecal Incontinence.

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1
Department of Colorectal Surgery, Southend University Hospital, Westcliff on Sea, United Kingdom.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Permacol has been gaining popularity in recent times for the treatment of fecal incontinence (FI). This study aims to evaluate the safety and efficacy of anal submucosal Permacol injection in the treatment of FI.

METHODS:

All consecutive patients who underwent Permacol injection for FI over a 3-year period were included. Patients' data relating to obstetric history, anorectal/pelvic operations, type of FI, preoperative anorectal physiology results and follow-up details for outcome measures were collected. Preoperative and postoperative Cleveland Clinic Florida Incontinence Scores (CCFISs) were noted. Patients were surveyed by using a telephone questionnaire to assess the quality of life and other outcome measures. Data were analysed using SPSS ver.19.0.

RESULTS:

Thirty patients (28 females and 2 males) with a median age of 67 years were included in the study. Of those patients, 37%, 50%, and 13% were noted to have passive, mixed and urge FI, respectively. Six of the patients (20%) had repeat Permacol injections, 5 of whom had sustained responses to the first Permacol injection for a mean of 11 months. There was a significant improvement in the CCFIS from a baseline median of 12.5, mean 12.8 interquartile range [IQR], 6-20), to a median of 3.5, mean 4.8 (IQR, 0-20), P < 0.001. Of the patients surveyed by telephone 89% were satisfied with their overall experience and the improvement in their symptoms following Permacol injections.

CONCLUSION:

This study has demonstrated that Permacol injection for the treatment of FI is safe and effective and has no associated major complications. However, the results are not permanent; consequently, a significant proportion of the patients with an initial response may require repeat injections.

KEYWORDS:

Anal bulking agent; Fecal incontinence; Permacol injection

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