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Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2016 Jul 22;60(8):4743-9. doi: 10.1128/AAC.00220-16. Print 2016 Aug.

In Vitro Susceptibility of Global Surveillance Isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to Ceftazidime-Avibactam (INFORM 2012 to 2014).

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AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals, Waltham, Massachusetts, USA.
International Health Management Associates, Inc., Schaumburg, Illinois, USA
International Health Management Associates, Inc., Schaumburg, Illinois, USA.


Broth microdilution antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed for ceftazidime-avibactam and comparator agents against 7,062 clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa collected from 2012 to 2014 in four geographic regions (Europe, Asia/South Pacific, Latin America, Middle East/Africa) as part of the International Network for Optimal Resistance Monitoring (INFORM) global surveillance program. The majority of isolates were susceptible to ceftazidime-avibactam, with the proportions susceptible differing marginally across the four regions (MIC90, 8 to 16 μg/ml; 88.7 to 93.2% susceptible), in contrast to lower susceptibilities to the following comparator β-lactam agents: ceftazidime (MIC90, 32 to 64 μg/ml; 71.5 to 80.8% susceptible), meropenem (MIC90, >8 μg/ml; 64.9 to 77.4% susceptible), and piperacillin-tazobactam (MIC90, >128 μg/ml; 62.3 to 71.3% susceptible). Compared to the overall population, susceptibility to ceftazidime-avibactam of isolates that were nonsusceptible to ceftazidime (n = 1,627) was reduced to between 56.8% (Middle East/Africa; MIC90, 64 μg/ml) and 68.9% (Asia/South Pacific; MIC90, 128 μg/ml), but these percentages were higher than susceptibilities to other β-lactam agents (0 to 44% susceptible, depending on region and agent; meropenem MIC90, >8 μg/ml; 26.5 to 43.9% susceptible). For this subset of isolates, susceptibilities to amikacin (MIC90, >32 μg/ml; 53.2 to 80.0% susceptible) and colistin (MIC90, 1 μg/ml; 98.5 to 99.5% susceptible) were comparable to or higher than that of ceftazidime-avibactam. A similar observation was made with isolates that were nonsusceptible to meropenem (n = 1,926), with susceptibility to ceftazidime-avibactam between 67.8% (Middle East/Africa; MIC90, 64 μg/ml) and 74.2% (Europe; MIC90, 32 μg/ml) but again with reduced susceptibility to comparators except for amikacin (MIC90, >32 μg/ml; 56.8 to 78.7% susceptible) and colistin (MIC90, 1 μg/ml; 98.9 to 99.3% susceptible). Of the 8% of isolates not susceptible to ceftazidime-avibactam, the nonsusceptibility of half could be explained by their possession of genes encoding metallo-β-lactamases. The data reported here are consistent with results from other country-specific and regional surveillance studies and show that ceftazidime-avibactam demonstrates in vitro activity against globally collected clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa, including isolates that are resistant to ceftazidime and meropenem.

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