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Nurs Child Young People. 2016 May 9;28(4):74-5. doi: 10.7748/ncyp.28.4.74.s59.

OC28 - Effect of mode of delivery on early oral colonization and childhood dental caries: a systematic review.

Author information

1
Núcleo de Investigação e Intervenção do Idoso, Polythecnic Institute of Bragança, Bragança, Portugal.
2
EPI Unit, Public Health Institute, University of Porto, Portugal.

Abstract

Theme: Multidisciplinary team working.

BACKGROUND:

Oral colonization starts at birth by vertical transmission.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether mode of delivery influences the oral colonization of infants and contributes to the risk of childhood dental caries.

METHODS:

A systematic review was conducted in the electronic database Web of Science for articles published from January 1995 to December 2015 by using a set of keywords.

RESULTS:

From 2,644 citations identified through electronic search, ten studies met the inclusion criteria. According to the studies mode of delivery influences oral microbial density, oral microbial profile and the timing of oral colonization by cariogenic microbiota. However, there are no consistent results concerning either the prevalence of children harboring cariogenic microbiota or the prevalence of early childhood caries by mode of delivery.

CONCLUSION:

Mode of delivery influences early oral colonization. However, it seems that other determinants rather than mode of delivery could be major contributors to the development of early childhood caries.

KEYWORDS:

Early childhood caries; acquisition of oral microflora; early oral colonization; mode of delivery.

PMID:
27214442
DOI:
10.7748/ncyp.28.4.74.s59

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