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Curr Opin Hematol. 2016 Jul;23(4):295-303. doi: 10.1097/MOH.0000000000000250.

Unperturbed vs. post-transplantation hematopoiesis: both in vivo but different.

Author information

1
Division of Cellular Immunology, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

Hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplantation has yielded tremendous information on experimental properties of HSCs. Yet, it remains unclear whether transplantation reflects the physiology of hematopoiesis. A limitation is the difficulty in accessing HSC functions without isolation, in-vitro manipulation and readout for potential. New genetic fate mapping and clonal marking techniques now shed light on hematopoiesis under physiological conditions.

RECENT FINDINGS:

Transposon-based genetic marks were introduced across the entire hematopoietic system to follow the clonal dynamics of these tags over time. A polyclonal source downstream from stem cells was found responsible for the production of at least granulocytes. In independent experiments, HSCs were genetically marked in adult mice, and the kinetics of label emergence throughout the system was followed over time. These experiments uncovered that during physiological steady-state hematopoiesis large numbers of HSCs yield differentiated progeny. Individual HSCs were active only rarely, indicating their very slow periodicity of differentiation rather than quiescence.

SUMMARY:

Noninvasive genetic experiments in mice have identified a major role of stem and progenitor cells downstream from HSCs as drivers of adult hematopoiesis, and revealed that post-transplantation hematopoiesis differs quantitatively from normal steady-state hematopoiesis.

PMID:
27213498
PMCID:
PMC4900429
DOI:
10.1097/MOH.0000000000000250
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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