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Homeopathy. 2016 May;105(2):173-9. doi: 10.1016/j.homp.2015.10.002. Epub 2015 Nov 12.

Polycrystalline structures formed in evaporating droplets as a parameter to test the action of Zincum metallicum 30c in a wheat seed model.

Author information

1
Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Bologna, Viale Fanin 44, Bologna 40127, Italy. Electronic address: maria.kokornaczyk@unibo.it.
2
Society for Cancer Research, Kirschweg 9, 4144 Arlesheim, Switzerland; Institute of Integrative Medicine, University of Witten-Herdecke, Gerhard-Kienle-Weg 4, 58313 Herdecke, Germany. Electronic address: Stephan.Baumgartner@uni-wh.de.
3
Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Bologna, Viale Fanin 44, Bologna 40127, Italy. Electronic address: lucietta.betti@unibo.it.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Polycrystalline structures formed inside evaporating droplets of different biological fluids have been shown sensitive towards various influences, including ultra high dilutions (UHDs), representing so a new approach potentially useful for basic research in homeopathy. In the present study we tested on a wheat seed model Zincum metallicum 30c efficacy versus lactose 30c and water.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Stressed and non-stressed wheat seeds were watered with the three treatments. Seed-leakage droplets were evaporated and the polycrystalline structures formed inside the droplet residues were analyzed for their local connected fractal dimensions (LCFDs) (measure of complexity) using the software ImageJ.

RESULTS:

We have found significant differences in LCFD values of polycrystalline structures obtained from stressed seeds following the treatments (p<0.0001); Zincum metallicum 30c lowered the structures' complexity compared to lactose 30c and water. In non-stressed seeds no significant differences were found.

CONCLUSIONS:

The droplet evaporation method (DEM) might represent a potentially useful tool in basic research in homeopathy. Furthermore our results suggest a sensitization of the stressed model towards the treatment action, which is conforming to previous findings.

KEYWORDS:

Crystallization; Droplet evaporation method (DEM); Ultra high dilutions (UHDs); Wheat seeds; Zincum metallicum

PMID:
27211324
DOI:
10.1016/j.homp.2015.10.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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