Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Biosci Bioeng. 2016 Oct;122(4):400-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiosc.2016.03.007. Epub 2016 May 18.

Branched chain amino acids maintain the molecular weight of poly(γ-glutamic acid) of Bacillus licheniformis ATCC 9945 during the fermentation.

Author information

1
Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan. Electronic address: hitoshi_mitsunaga@bio.eng.osaka-u.ac.jp.
2
AVT - Biochemical Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, Sammelbau Biologie, Worringer Weg 1, Aachen 52074, Germany. Electronic address: Lena.Meissner@avt.rwth-aachen.de.
3
AVT - Biochemical Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, Sammelbau Biologie, Worringer Weg 1, Aachen 52074, Germany. Electronic address: Jochen.Buechs@avt.rwth-aachen.de.
4
Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan. Electronic address: fukusaki@bio.eng.osaka-u.ac.jp.

Abstract

Poly(γ-glutamic acid) mainly produced by Bacillus spp. is an industrially important compound due to several useful features. Among them, molecular weight is an important characteristic affecting on the physical properties such as viscosities and negative charge densities. However, it is difficult to control the molecular size of PGA since it decreases during fermentation. Previous study reported that PGA produced in the media containing different carbon sources such as glucose and glycerol showed differences in molecular weight. Therefore in this study, the effect of carbon source on the PGA molecular weight was examined; with the aim of developing a strategy to maintain the high molecular weight of PGA during fermentation. Our result showed that the weight average molecular weight (Mw) of PGA of Bacillus licheniformis ATCC 9945 cultivated in the media containing PTS-sugars were higher than the medium containing glycerol (non-PTS). The result of metabolome analysis indicated the possibility of CodY (a global regulator protein) activation in the cells cultivated in the media containing PTS-sugars. To mimic this effect, branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs), which are activators of CodY, were added to a medium containing glycerol. As the result, the Mw of PGA in the BCAAs-supplemented media were maintained and high during the early production phase compared to the non BCAAs-supplemented medium. These results indicate that BCAAs can repress the PGA molecular weight reduction during fermentation in B. licheniformis ATCC 9945.

KEYWORDS:

Bacillus licheniformis ATCC 9945; Catabolite control; Liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry; Metabolomics; Poly(γ-glutamic acid)

PMID:
27209178
DOI:
10.1016/j.jbiosc.2016.03.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center