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J Occup Environ Med. 2016 Jun;58(6):584-7. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000700.

Psychosocial Working Conditions and Suicide Ideation: Evidence From a Cross-Sectional Survey of Working Australians.

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1
Work, Health and Wellbeing Unit, Centre for Population Health Research, School of Health & Social Development, Deakin University Waurn Ponds (Drs Milner, Page, Witt, LaMontagne); and Centre for Health Equity, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia (Dr Milner).

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study examined the relationship between psychosocial working factors such as job control, job demands, job insecurity, supervisor support, and workplace bullying as risk factors for suicide ideation.

METHODS:

We used a logistic analytic approach to assess risk factors for thoughts of suicide in a cross-sectional sample of working Australians. Potential predictors included psychosocial job stressors (described above); we also controlled for age, gender, occupational skill level, and psychological distress.

RESULTS:

We found that workplace bullying or harassment was associated with 1.54 greater odds of suicide ideation (95% confidence interval 1.64 to 2.05) in the model including psychological distress. Results also suggest that higher job control and security were associated with lower odds of suicide ideation.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results suggest the need for organizational level intervention to address psychosocial job stressors, including bullying.

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