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Front Psychol. 2016 May 3;7:641. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00641. eCollection 2016.

Openness to Experience as a Moderator of the Relationship between Intelligence and Creative Thinking: A Study of Chinese Children in Urban and Rural Areas.

Author information

1
Beijing Key Laboratory of Learning and Cognition and Department of Psychology, Capital Normal University Beijing, China.
2
ED233 Educational Psychology, University at Albany, State University of New York, AlbanyNY, USA; East China Normal UniversityShanghai, China.
3
School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University Beijing, China.

Abstract

Using testing and questionnaire methods, this study investigated the relationships among openness to experience, intelligence and creative thinking. This study focused on the moderating effects of openness to experience on the relationship between intelligence and creative thinking in a sample of 831 primary school students in China. The findings showed significant positive relationships among openness to experience, intelligence and creative thinking. In relation to the focus of this study, openness to experience moderated the relationship between intelligence and creative thinking. However, the correlation between openness to experience and creative thinking was stronger for urban children than for rural children, and the moderating effect existed only in urban settings.

KEYWORDS:

children; creative thinking; intelligence; moderating effect; openness to experience

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